Breast feeding and lactating-WHO | Breastfeeding

To understand how to effectively increase or decrease milk supply, we need to look at how milk production works…. During pregnancy and the first few days postpartum, milk supply is hormonally driven — this is called the endocrine control system. Essentially, as long as the proper hormones are in place, mom will start making colostrum about halfway through pregnancy Lactogenesis I and her milk will increase in volume Lactogenesis II around hours after birth. This abrupt withdrawal of progesterone in the presence of high prolactin levels cues Lactogenesis II copious milk production. Other hormones insulin, thyroxine, cortisol are also involved, but their roles are not yet well understood.

Breast feeding and lactating

Many thanks to Denise Fisher of Health e-Learning for the valuable feedback! In the US, primarily African-American neighborhoods are more likely to have facilities such as hospitals and lactatihg healthcare clinics that do not support breastfeeding, contributing to the low rate of breastfeeding in the African-American community. Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. A review of 47 epidemiologic studies comprisingof 50, women with invasive breast cancer and 96, controls estimated that for every year of breastfeeding, the relative risk of breast cancer decreases by 4. Also ask your baby's doctor about vitamin D supplements for the baby, especially if you're exclusively breast-feeding. Oxytocin Oxytocin makes the myoepithelial cells around the alveoli contract. Archived PDF from the original on 24 September Mothers express milk for multiple reasons. Second, sIgA contains antibodies formed in the mother's body against the bacteria Breast feeding and lactating her gut, Gay latio against lsctating that she has encountered, so they protect against bacteria that are particularly likely to be in Breast feeding and lactating baby's environment.

Clark county private schools. When should I start breastfeeding my newborn?

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Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

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Breastfeeding is the normal way of providing young infants with the nutrients they need for healthy growth and development. Virtually all mothers can breastfeed, provided they have accurate information, and the support of their family, the health care system and society at large.

Colostrum, the yellowish, sticky breast milk produced at the end of pregnancy, is recommended by WHO as the perfect food for the newborn, and feeding should be initiated within the first hour after birth. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond.

WHO produces these infogrpahics to raise awareness on breastfeeding for its encouragement. Health Topics. World Health Statistics. About Us. Skip to main content. Health topics Breastfeeding. Breastfeeding infographics. Fact sheet on infant and young child feeding Fact sheet on malnutrition. Infographics Technical information Infant and young child feeding nutrition for health and development Infant and young child feeding child health and development. Publications Breastfeeding Infant and young child feeding.

You are here: Health topics Breastfeeding.

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Breast feeding and lactating

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Breastfeeding your newborn | What to expect the first week | Medela

Read our breastfeeding advice to help you get off to the best possible start. But one of the most super things you can do this week is just be with your baby and get breastfeeding on track. By latching on and sucking rhythmically, he begins switching on the cells in your breasts to initiate your milk supply. Baby-led attachment, with mum in a semi-reclined breastfeeding position, is a good way to start.

So forget about weighing and dressing your baby in that special first hour, or at least until after the first breastfeed. Enjoy relaxed cuddles and plenty of naked skin-to-skin contact with him. And did you know that as he breastfeeds, your baby is helping you recover from the birth? This is because oxytocin also makes your uterus contract. In the first hours after the birth this helps to expel your placenta naturally and reduces blood loss.

If you have a c-section or there are other complications, you may still be able to have skin-to-skin time with your baby and breastfeed in the first few hours.

You can hand express and use the hospital breast pump to help initiate your milk supply in the beginning. This is especially important if he is premature or poorly, because your breast milk has so many wonderful health benefits. It meant I had the confidence to do that at home. When your baby is latching on, aim your nipple towards the roof of his mouth. This way he will latch on to the nipple, as well as some of the areola beneath it.

This means he can draw both the nipple and some breast tissue into his mouth and feed well. His bottom lip may be flanged outwards, but his top lip will rest comfortably on your breast. His body language will show he is comfortable. Breastfeeding frequency and duration can vary a lot in the first week. Some babies have a long sleep — birth is tiring! By the time your milk comes in, around days two to four, your baby will probably be nursing eight to 12 times every 24 hours sometimes more!

The good news is that this frequent feeding helps initiate and build your milk supply. Just concentrate on breastfeeding when your baby gives you hunger cues, 8 such as:. Crying is a late sign of hunger, so if in doubt offer your baby your breast.

Preventing damage is better than having to treat it, so see a lactation consultant or breastfeeding specialist if pain continues after the first few days.

It turned out a tongue-tie was the culprit, and we received amazing support from our city breastfeeding clinic to diagnose and rectify this. This is because the oxytocin released by breastfeeding will help your womb contract further, as it starts to return to its usual size. Some women find their breasts get very swollen, hard and tender — a condition called engorgement. Read What is breast engorgement? What goes in must come out! Colostrum acts like a laxative that encourages your baby do his first poo, called meconium.

An average newborn has one wee for each day of his life… until about day three, when he should have about three wet nappies daily, and from day five, five or more wet nappies daily.

You should also notice these nappies getting heavier over the first few days. However, if his vomit has orange, red, green, brown or black in it, or he is projectile vomiting, see a healthcare professional.

The same applies if your baby has a high temperature, blood in his poo, a sunken fontanelle the soft spot on his head , or is not back to his birth weight by two weeks of age. Read about the next step of your breastfeeding journey in Breastfeeding the first month: What to expect. Initiation of human lactation: secretory differentiation and secretory activation. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. Postpartum psychiatric disorders: Early diagnosis and management. Indian J Psychiatry. Oxytocin effects in mothers and infants during breastfeeding.

The effect of early initiation of breast feeding on the amount of vaginal blood loss during the fourth stage of labor. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. Which breast pump for which mother: an evidence-based approach to individualizing breast pump technology. J Perinatol. Principles for maintaining or increasing breast milk production. Feeding cues ; Sep [cited Feb]. S3-guidelines for the treatment of inflammatory breast disease during the lactation period.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. I allow cookies Close. Choose a location. Your breastfeeding journey. Share this content. When should I start breastfeeding my newborn? Is my baby latching on correctly? How often should a newborn feed? Do I need a newborn feeding schedule?

Just concentrate on breastfeeding when your baby gives you hunger cues, 8 such as: stirring from his sleep opening his eyes turning his head when he feels something on his cheek poking his tongue out making cooing noises sucking his lips trying to eat his hand getting grizzly starting to whine crying Crying is a late sign of hunger, so if in doubt offer your baby your breast.

Will breastfeeding hurt? How often will my newborn poo and wee? Loose and watery. Is my baby getting enough breast milk? Breastfeeding: A guide for the medical profession; Finding a nursing bra in the right size. Breast milk bank. Breastfeeding for professionals Healthcare Company.

Breast feeding and lactating