This includes disclosing calories on menu boards and in written form, available on request, additional information about total calories and calories from fat, amounts of fat and saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total and complex carbohydrates, sugars, dietary fiber, and protein. Federal Menu Labeling Requirements. The U. Food and Drug Administration FDA issued a Federal Register notice on April 1, , that explains how restaurants not covered by the new federal menu labeling requirements in Section of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act may voluntarily register to become subject to the new requirements. In general, the law covers restaurants and similar retail food establishments with 20 or more locations doing business under the same name and offering substantially the same menu items, and vending machine operators with 20 or more machines.
Puerto Rico Massachusetts and trans fat. The agency allows up to 0. For more information about the implementation plan and the community engagement process, see the Maseachusetts department's report, Eliminating Artificial Trans Fat from Cambridge Food Service Establishments PDF. Join the Fight. Connecticut CT SBproposed - Would have banned the use of artificial Massachusetts and trans fat fat in foods sold in Connecticut restaurants in an effort to improve food quality. City and state are only displayed in our print magazine if your comment is chosen for publication. Fag bill also requires a chain restaurant to state on its menu and menu boards: "To cat a healthy weight, a typical adult should consume approximately 2, calories per day; however, individual calorie needs may vary. How much diet and exercise can lower your blood pressure.
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On July 24, , the Cambridge Public Health Department promulgated a regulation to eliminate the use of artificial trans fat in Cambridge restaurants and other food service establishments.
- A statewide ban on artery-clogging trans fat lost its biggest potential roadblock yesterday when the leading association of restaurateurs told legislators it will not fight the measure.
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- Trans fat , also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids , is a type of unsaturated fat that occurs in small amounts in meat and milk fat.
- Attention media representatives and restaurant owners.
This includes disclosing calories on menu boards and in written form, available on request, additional information about total calories and calories from fat, amounts of fat and saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total and complex carbohydrates, sugars, dietary fiber, and protein. Federal Menu Labeling Requirements. The U. Food and Drug Administration FDA issued a Federal Register notice on April 1, , that explains how restaurants not covered by the new federal menu labeling requirements in Section of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act may voluntarily register to become subject to the new requirements.
In general, the law covers restaurants and similar retail food establishments with 20 or more locations doing business under the same name and offering substantially the same menu items, and vending machine operators with 20 or more machines. In December , New York City's Board of Health approved two proposals designed to help ensure that consumers have a choice of healthier options for restaurant foods. This can cause the arteries to become clogged and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
In May , Colorado enacted legislation to prohibit industrially produced trans fat in foods made available to students in public schools. State legislation that would restrict or ban the use of trans fats is listed below, including bills proposed in and enacted in through Oregon, in , enacted legislation to list trans fat content on menus and menu boards.
Some bills would impose a statewide ban on trans fat in retail food establishments or chain restaurants, other bills propose to limit or ban trans fats in foods served in school cafeterias, or to study trans fat alternatives.
Some bills also propose to provide information about menu items that contain trans fat. Prohibits oil, shortening, or margarine containing specified trans fats for specified purposes, from being stored, distributed, or served by, or used in the preparation of any food, commencing January 1, Also prohibits any food containing artificial trans fat, from being stored, distributed, or served by, or used in the preparation of any food within, a food facility, commencing January 1, This provision includes all foods that contain artificial trans fats including vegetable shortening, margarine and any kind of partially hydgrogenated vegetable oil.
Provides that the prohibitions and restrictions of this section of the law regarding school foods will apply to non-bulk USDA commodity foods either when the reauthorization of the USDA National School Lunch Program is complete or when ingredient and nutrient information is available for all USDA commodity foods, whichever is earlier.
CA AB 86 , proposed - Would have prohibited the sale in elementary, middle or high schools, of foods containing partially hydrogenated or hydrogenated vegetable oils, except to the extent that these oils are naturally occurring. CA AB 90 , proposed - Would have prohibited schools or school districts from making any food containing artificial trans fat available to pupils during school hours. Would have also prohibited the use of artificial trans fat in the preparation of a food item served to pupils.
CA AB 93 , proposed - Would have prohibited any food containing artificial trans fat from being stored, distributed, or served by, or used in the preparation of any food within, a food facility. Food sold or served in a manufacturer's original, sealed package would have been exempt. Connecticut CT SB , proposed - Would have banned the use of artificial trans fat in foods sold in Connecticut restaurants in an effort to improve food quality.
District of Columbia DC B , proposed - The Trans Free DC Act of would have prohibited the use of artificial trans fat in food service establishments and require the establishment to maintain on-site the original label for certain foods. FL SB , proposed - Would have required schools to make public the nutritional value of meals served in the cafeteria and direct schools to serve meals low in trans fat and offer whole-wheat food products.
FL SB , proposed - Would have provided nutritional standards for foods available to school children on school campuses, including a requirement that if any public elementary, middle, or high school serves fried foods, such foods must be fried in oils that are low in trans fatty acids in order to reduce the development of health abnormalities in children.
Hawaii HI SB , proposed - Would have established the heart healthy working group within the Department of Health to develop a plan to eliminate or reduce the use of trans fats in Hawaii's food preparation and food service industry. HI SCR , proposed - Would direct the Department of Education and the Hawaii public school food service to submit a report on nutritionally-sound public school menus with vegetarian options that use more fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains and minimize trans fat no later than twenty days prior to the Regular Session.
HI HB , SB , proposed - Would prohibit foods containing artificial trans fat from being used in the preparation of any menu item, or served in any food service establishment. Would take effect July 1, for cooking oils, shortening, and margarines, and on July 1, , for all other foods containing artificial trans fat. HI HCR , resolution adopted - Resolution requests the state's department of health to determine the feasibility of reducing or eliminating the use of trans fat in food preparation and food service by Hawaii's restaurant industry.
Fiscal Note Act may apply. Requires the department of education to provide information concerning health, nutrition, and physical activity. Provides that the requirements do not apply after school hours or to fundraisers.
Louisiana LA HCR , resolution adopted - Urges and requests the Department of Health and Hospitals and the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to study the feasibility and advisability of prohibiting food or snacks containing trans fat from being made available or served to students at public elementary and secondary schools.
Maryland MD HB , proposed - Would have prohibited the use of artificial trans fat in food service establishments and require the establishment to maintain on-site the original label for certain foods. MD HB 81 , proposed - Would establish a Task Force to Study the Regulation of Artificial Trans Fat which would be required to submit a report to specified committees on or before February 1, that offers recommendations for a program to regulate artificial trans fat including methods to eliminate trans fats from foods prepared in food service establishments, outreach efforts to educate food service establishments on appropriate substitues and any other recommendations that the task force deems necessary to regulate artificial trans fats.
MD HB 91 and SB similar , proposed - Would have prohibited food service facilities from using food containing artificial trans fat for specified purposes; except for foods served directly to patrons in the original sealed package.
Would require food service facilities to maintain on-site the original label for specified food under specified circumstances.
MD SB , proposed - Would have prohibited public schools, public institutions of higher education, and State-owned or State-operated food establishments from storing, distributing, holding for service, using in preparation of any menu items, or serving food containing artificial trans fat.
Massachusetts MA HB , proposed - Would have prohibited foods containing artificial trans fat from being stored, distributed, held for service, used in preparation of any menu item served by common suppliers unless item is being served directly to patrons in a manufacturer's original sealed package.
MA HB , proposed - Would prohibit the storage, distribution or use of foods containing or prepared using artificial trans fats by a common suppliers unless item is served directly to the patrons in the original sealed package complete with nutrition facts. Would define foods as containing artificial trans fat if the food is labeled as, lists as an ingredient, or has vegetable shortening, margarine or any kind of partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, except for foods whose nutrition facts label or other documentation from the manufacturer lists the trans fat content of the food as less than 0.
MI HB and HB , proposed - Would prohibit food service establishments HB covers only those establishments with 20 or more locations in the state from storing, distributing or preparing foods containing artificial trans fats, except for foods being served directly to customers in the manufacturers original sealed package.
Would phase in effective dates of July 1, for oils, shortenings and margarines used in frying or spreads, July 1, for oils or shortenings used for deep frying of yeast dough or cake batter and all other trans fats. Would require food service establishments to maintain original labels or other documentation of the contents of foods containing fats, oils or shortenings.
MS HB , proposed - Would, among other provisions, require schools to eliminate any non-naturally occurring trans fatty acids in food items and reduce the amount of and, whenever possible, eliminate saturated fat in food items, and reduce the amount of sugar and sodium in food items.
Missouri MO HB , proposed - Would have prohibited artificial trans fat in all school foods, including food sold in vending machines. New Hampshire NH LSR , proposed - Would prohibit the use of trans-fats in the preparation of foods consumed in restaurants and school cafeterias. New Jersey NJ SB , enacted, Public Law , Chapter 45 - Establishes certain nutritional restrictions on foods and beverages served, sold or given away to pupils in public and certain nonpublic schools.
NJ SB , proposed - Would prohibit the use of artificial trans fats in food prepared and served in restaurants. New Mexico NM HM 87 , enacted, signed by governor - This House Memorial requests the environmental improvement board to join with the New Mexico restaurant association to study ways to identify the trans fat content in restaurant food and to convey this information to customers; and that the environmental improvement board be requested to develop workable guidelines for the restaurant industry on ridding foods of trans fat and on recommended limits of trans fat content.
NM HB , proposed - Would have required restaurants to post calorie information, including the proportion of trans fat per serving for every standard menu item at the point of purchase on a menu or menu board, so that a diner could see it while or prior to ordering. Would also have required restaurants to limit the use of a trans fat, including that in margarine and shortening, to one-half gram of trans fat per serving. New York NY AB , proposed - Would have prohibited restaurants from selling foods containing trans fats and would have required the posting of calorie, fat and sodium content in food items sold.
NY AB , proposed - Would have authorized the commissioner of health to develop a plan for voluntary reduction or elimination in the use of trans fat in various food service providers.
Such program shall consist of two main components: a public information campaign and a protocol for voluntarily reducing or eliminating the use of trans fats in foods. Would have required the commissioner of health, in consultation with the commissioner of education, to include in the Department of Health's annual report not later than December 31, , a report assessing the success of the voluntary trans fat reduction or elimination program.
NY SB , proposed - Would prohibit restaurants and food establishments from serving foods containing artificial trans fat, to be regulated by the Commissioner of Health.
The department would develop information, methods and protocols for the voluntary reduction or elimination of the use of trans fats in restaurants, schools, hospitals, adult homes and child day care centers. This would include meals prepared on-site and subcontracts for meals to clients, patients, and patrons.
NY SB , proposed - Relates to nutritional standards in public schools. Includes a provision to limit the trans and saturated fat content of foods served in schools to no more than 10 percent of the total calories.
The nutrition standards will promote gradual changes to increase fruits and vegetables, increase whole grain products, and decrease foods high in total fat, trans fat, saturated fat, and sugar. The nutrition standards adopted by the State Board of Education shall be implemented initially in elementary schools. All elementary schools shall achieve a basic level by the end of the school year.
Ohio OH SB 24 , proposed - Would have established nutritional standards for food and beverages sold in vending machines in public schools. OH HB , proposed - Includes a provision to prohibit schools from serving foods or beverages containing or prepared using foods containing artificial trans fat, to be effective one year after the effective date of the amendment.
OH HB , proposed - Would prohibit the use of trans fats by food service operations and certain retail food establishments. OH HB , proposed - Would create the Child Wellness Advisory Council to establish nutritional standards for certain foods and beverages sold in public and chartered nonpublic schools and require schools to implement local wellness policies.
Includes a provision requiring the Center for Healthy Weight and Nutrition at Columbus Children's Hospital to assess the amount of calories, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and other nutritional values for food items served in schools. ORS Directs the Department of Human Services to adopt rules to administer and enforce the requirements and directs the department to create an exception for drive-through areas under specified circumstances.
OR HB , enacted, Chapter - Among other provisions specifying school food standards, prohibits the sale of snack items at school that contain more than 0. OR SB , proposed - Would prohibit restaurants and mobile units from storing, using, preparing, distributing or offering food containing artificial trans fat, with specified exceptions.
Would require restaurants and mobile units to maintain labels or documentation for food that contains fats, oils or shortening. Would apply to margarine, cooking oils and shortening on or after July 1, , and to other food on or after January 1, The proposed restrictions would take effect on July 1, with respect to cooking oils, shortening, and margarines containing artificial trans fat, and on July 1, would apply to all other foods containing artificial trans fat.
South Carolina SC SB 50 - Would have required that a retail food establishment selling food containing trans fat or cooked in trans fat provide warnings that the food contains trans fat. Would have given the Department of Health and Environmental Control is given the right to adopt rules and regulations regarding these warnings and to issue penalties for a violation. SC SB , proposed - Would prohibit retail food establishments from preparing, serving or otherwise providing food containing trans fats and would require the department of health and environmental control to ascertain the use of trans fats when inspecting retail food establishments and would provide a civil fine for violations.
Tennessee TN HB 51 , proposed - Would have prohibited foods containing artificial trans fat, as defined in this section, shall be stored, distributed, held for service, used in preparation of any menu item or served in any food service establishment or by any quick fast food establishment.
Would have required food service establishments and quick fast food establishments to maintain on site the original labels for all food products.
Would have phased-in compliance by July 1, and provided penalties for violations. Would have required school nutrition programs to maintain on site the original labels for all food products.
Would have phased-in effective dates by July 1, TN SB , proposed - Would ban foods containing artificial trans fat in school nutrition programs, except for foods being served directly to patrons in the manufacturer's original sealed package.
Would take effect on July 1, , with respect to oils, shortenings and margarines containing artificial trans fat that are used for frying or in spreads; and on July 1, for oils or shortenings used for deep frying of yeast dough or cake batter, and all other foods containing artificial trans fat. TX SB 34 , proposed - Would, among other nutrient content standards, prohibit schools from serving food items that contain excessive amounts of fat.
The department of health shall also recommend methods for making Vermont free of artificial trans fats in prepared foods by The department of health shall make recommendations in a consolidated report on healthy living initiatives to the senate committee on health and welfare and the house committees on health care and on human services no later than January 15, Would limit the saturated and trans fat content of foods and beverages sold in schools to less than 10 percent of the total calories in an item, among other provisions.
VT SB , proposed - Proposed to ban the use of artificial trans fat at food service establishments in Vermont beginning July 1, Virginia VA SB , proposed - Would have required the Superintendent of Public Instruction to develop guidelines to gradually eliminate foods containing trans fatty acids from public schools.
Washington WA SB , proposed - Beginning July 1, , would have prohibited food establishments operating under a permit issued by a local public health officer from serving food containing artificial trans fat. Would have applied to food served directly to patrons in a manufacturer's original sealed package or any food served in a school. Would have required food establishments to maintain on-site the original labels for all food products containing fats, oils, or shortenings.
West Virginia WV HB - Would have permitted only healthy beverages and healthy and nutritional snacks in the county school system. Would limit fat content to no more than 35 percent of total calories, saturated fat to less than 10 percent of total calories, and trans fat to less than or equal to 0. Also, as of August , legislation related to requiring restaurants to list the trans fat content of menu items and other nutritional information for foods served in chain restaurants has been proposed in at least 28 states and Puerto Rico since , as listed below.
This definition excludes specifically the trans fats vaccenic acid and conjugated linoleic acid that are present especially in human milk, dairy products, and beef. Retrieved 14 September The owner, Norma Chavez-Nielsen, invited us to inspect the bakery and sample the goodies. European Journal of Nutrition. On April 21, , this website passed the one million visitors mark. Mexico City Monterrey Tijuana.
Massachusetts and trans fat. Trending on Boston Globe
Trans Fat Regulation
The FDA has taken such action only a handful of times — to remove certain artificial sweeteners in the s, and more recently when it prohibited adding caffeine to alcoholic beverages. While many food manufacturers have already removed these oils, including vegetable shortening and margarine, from their products, hundreds of processed foods still contain trans fat in small amounts and dozens contain several grams per serving.
The average American eats about 1 gram of trans fat each day compared with 4. Margaret Hamburg. Removing partially hydrogenated oils from food could prevent 20, heart attacks and 7, deaths from heart disease each year, she added in a conference call with reporters. The agency allows up to 0. Manufacturers will need to remove all partially hydrogenated oils from their products to comply with the proposed FDA rule.
Trans fat also increases the level of triglycerides, another fat that in elevated amounts has been linked to type 2 diabetes. In a review of recent research, the Institute of Medicine, an independent group of scientists that provides advice to the government, determined that artificially produced trans fat provides no known health benefit, and there is no safe level of consumption.
Milk and beef naturally contain traces of trans fat, which in such small amounts do not pose much harm. Some consumers, however, may feel otherwise. In a nationwide survey of nearly 1, adults conducted over the past week by the Pew Research Center, 44 percent of Americans said they would favor prohibiting restaurants from using trans fat in foods, while 52 percent said they would oppose a trans fat ban in restaurants.
Boston already banned trans fat in restaurants five years ago, and Brookline and Cambridge have also instituted prohibitions, as has New York City. Margarine and vegetable shortenings came into widespread use more than 50 years ago largely because they were cheaper to produce than butter, lard, and other animal shortenings.
In , Willett and his colleagues were among the first researchers to find that a high intake of trans fat was linked to elevated cholesterol levels. Through the past two decades, he has coauthored dozens of studies suggesting that people who eat the most trans fat tend to have higher rates of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and gallstones.
The FDA will decide whether to finalize its determination that trans fat is unsafe after a day comment period on the proposal. Restaurants can probably switch the oils they use for frying and sauteing in a shorter period of time. Smucker Co. While some public health experts have expressed concerns over whether trans fat will be replaced in products with artery-damaging saturated fat, recent research suggests that reformulated products contain a net decrease in saturated fat, said Tufts University nutrition professor Alice Lichtenstein.
Caroline Apovian, director of the nutrition and weight management center at Boston Medical Center who also worked as a paid nutrition consultant to several restaurant chains to help them remove trans fat from their menus.
Deborah Kotz can be reached at dkotz globe. Follow her on Twitter debkotz2.