I have a Baker's cyst in my right knee. It has been drained twice and recurred. Are there any other treatments for it? Your situation is fairly common. A Baker's cyst also called a popliteal cyst is a fluid-filled sac that can develop in the popliteal space, the hollow at the back of the knee joint.
Gentle exercise might help to extend or maintain the range of motion of the knee and to strengthen the muscles around the knee. Pain in the back of your knee might just be Knee swollen in back minor leg cramp — or it could be something more serious. A blood clot can also cause bruising and swelling behind the knee and on the back of the calf. A painless Doppler ultrasound of the calf can rule out DVT. Q: Are there any movements or exercises I should avoid if I have a popliteal cyst? E-mail Address.
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The most effective swollen knee treatment will depend on the cause of the knee swelling, but the most common ways to reduce the swelling are:. Use crutches if it hurts to straighten the leg or to put weight on it. Top 10 Knee Treatments. RA can lead to disability. If okay Knee swollen in back your doctor, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can treat minor cases of knee swelling. It is more important to see a doctor if there is redness or heat on a swollen knee. DC Donna Croteau Nov 4, July What should I do!? Avoid smoking. The most common causes of this are:. Leave this field empty. Treatment for a swollen knee includes RICE, which is the following: rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
The cyst can be painful when you bend or extend your knee.
- A swollen area that can be felt behind the knee can be caused by several different conditions.
- It is usually caused by an underlying injury or condition in the knee joint but the athlete is often unaware of the exact cause.
- I fell on the sidewalk about a month ago and skinned and bruised my knee.
Swelling on the back of one knee may be a Baker's cyst. A Baker's cyst can form when joint-lubricating fluid fills a cushioning pouch bursa at the back of your knee. A Baker's cyst is a fluid-filled cyst that causes a bulge and a feeling of tightness behind your knee. The pain can get worse when you fully flex or extend your knee or when you're active.
A Baker's cyst, also called a popliteal pop-luh-TEE-ul cyst, is usually the result of a problem with your knee joint, such as arthritis or a cartilage tear. Both conditions can cause your knee to produce too much fluid, which can lead to a Baker's cyst. Although a Baker's cyst may cause swelling and make you uncomfortable, treating the probable underlying problem usually provides relief.
In some cases, a Baker's cyst causes no pain, and you may not notice it. If you do have signs and symptoms, they might include:. If you have pain and swelling behind your knee, see your doctor. Though unlikely, a bulge behind your knee may be a sign of a condition more serious than a fluid-filled cyst. A lubricating fluid called synovial sih-NO-vee-ul fluid helps your leg swing smoothly and reduces friction between the moving parts of your knee.
But sometimes the knee produces too much synovial fluid, resulting in buildup of fluid in an area on the back of your knee popliteal bursa , causing a Baker's cyst. This can happen because of:. These signs and symptoms closely resemble those of a blood clot in a vein in your leg.
If you have swelling and redness of your calf, you'll need prompt medical evaluation to rule out a more serious cause of your symptoms.
Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Baker's cyst Swelling on the back of one knee may be a Baker's cyst. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Helfgott SM. Popliteal Baker's cyst. Accessed April 27, Imboden JB, et al.
Approach to the patient with knee pain. New York, N. Arthritis of the knee. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Comment Now. Some people call this condition "water on the knee. Test walking on your leg. Was this page helpful? Seek immediate medical care call for serious symptoms, such as paralysis, loss of sensation, absent pulses in the feet, the inability to move the knee joint, severe bleeding, chest pain, difficulty breathing, or uncontrollable pain.
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Baker's cyst - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
The pain caused by the cyst typically worsens if the patient fully flexes or extends the knee, or moves around. The condition, which has nothing to do with baking, is named after the British surgeon who first described it, Dr. William Morrant Baker A Baker's, or popliteal, cyst is a painful swelling that develops behind the knee.
It is filled with fluid. It happens when inflammation and swelling affects the tissue behind the knee joint. It often results from gout or arthritis. Symptoms include pain and stiffness as well as popping, clicking, creaking, or locking in the knee joint.
A Baker's cyst will commonly resolve on its own , and no treatment is required. NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - medications with analgesic pain-reducing and antipyretic fever-reducing effects can be useful in treating Baker's cysts. Expert, evidence-based advice delivered straight to your inbox to help you take control of your health.
In most cases, if there is an underlying cause, the doctor will treat the cause rather than the cyst itself. If the swelling is particularly large and painful, further treatment may be required:. Baker's cysts affect more women than men, probably because women develop rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis more often. Some patients may have no pain and may not even notice the cyst is there. However, the signs and symptoms of a Baker's cyst can include:.
Anybody who experiences pain and swelling behind the knee should see a doctor. A bulge behind the knee may be a sign of a more serious condition, such as an aneurysm or a tumor. The knee is made of bone, tendons, and cartilage. The tendons and cartilage need lubrication, which they get from synovial fluid - it helps the legs move smoothly and reduces friction.
There are various pouches, called bursae, in each knee, through which the synovial fluid circulates. Between the popliteal bursa - a pouch at the back of the knee - and the knee joint, there is a valve-like system that regulates the flow of synovial fluid. If the knee produces too much synovial fluid, there can be an accumulation of it in the popliteal bursa.
This can be caused by an inflammation of the knee joint, usually due to an underlying condition, such as:. A doctor can usually diagnose a Baker's cyst after interviewing the patient and carrying out a physical examination of the knee, especially if there is an underlying health condition.
Sometimes, additional diagnostic tests may be ordered to rule out other conditions, such as an aneurysm or a tumor. Gentle exercise might help to extend or maintain the range of motion of the knee and to strengthen the muscles around the knee. Existing knee issues are the most significant risk factor. Most effective relief comes from treating the underlying problem. A Baker's cyst can burst, resulting in synovial fluid leaking into the calf region.
This is extremely rare. If a Baker's cyst bursts, the patient will probably experience:. The body will eventually reabsorb the fluid over a period of up to 4 weeks. Doctors may prescribe painkillers to control the pain. Redness in the calf region may also be a sign of a blood clot in a vein. Patients with such signs should see their doctor immediately. Table of contents What is a Baker's cyst? If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works.
Fast facts on Baker's cysts Here are some key points about Baker's cysts: A Baker's cyst is a swelling in the space behind the knee. Baker's cysts most commonly affect women over the age of Symptoms of a Baker's cyst include joint locking, knee, and calf pain.
Baker's cyst often resolves without medication. Most people with Baker's cysts have an underlying illness. Stay in the know. Expert, evidence-based advice delivered straight to your inbox to help you take control of your health Sign Up. What's to know about crepitus of the knee? A doctor can usually diagnose a Baker's cyst after carrying out a physical examination of the knee.