Thanks to the surge in hormones that happens during pregnancy, moms-to-be are more susceptible to a host of vaginal infections. Here are the common culprits, along with how they're treated during pregnancy. Your body transforms in many ways when you're pregnant, and an increase in vaginal discharge just happens to be one of those not-so-fun changes. If the discharge is clear or white and odor-free, it's most likely caused by pregnancy hormones , and it's a sign that the vagina is healthy. But sometimes excess discharge signals an infection, which occurs when the natural balance of bacteria that lives in the vagina is disrupted.
When can I be tested for a problem and what tests can I have? Learn more about lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus LCMV. You doctor can diagnose a yeast infection with a simple vaginal culture; she inserts a cotton swab, collects a sample of your discharge, and looks at it under a microscope. Risks for both mother and baby Some infections are particularly harmful to Infection pregnancy mother and baby. What are the risks of shingles IInfection pregnancy? Whooping cough Whooping cough is Infection pregnancy serious infection that causes coughing and chocking, making it hard to breath. But you should contact your midwife or GP because you may need treatment. The importance of knowledge and ongoing care. This makes it harder rpegnancy Infection pregnancy body to clear this fluid, causing the fluid to build up in the lungs. Some of the infections that can be dangerous during pregnancy include Bacterial vaginosis BV Group B strep GBS Hepatitis Sexually transmitted diseases Toxoplasmosis Urinary tract Infection pregnancy Yeast infections Zika virus To try to prevent infections, Don't eat raw or undercooked meat Don't share food or drinks with other people Wash your hands frequently Free egaculating pussy empty cat litter.
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If you are in your first trimester, your doctor may wait to treat it until your second trimester. Parvovirus Infection pregnancy infection is common in children. Mastitis develops when bacteria from the baby's mouth enter the breast through the mother's nipple. Here's five changes you may see or feel just by taking more…. The immune system defends the body against harmful invaders. Comments Add Comment. Diagnosis and Tests. Others can cause serious illness, birth defectsand lifelong disabilities, such as hearing loss or learning problems. Four vaginal infections, ranging from common to more rare, can affect pregnant women: bacterial vaginosis BVyeast infections, Group B Strep GBSand trichomoniasis. It causes a characteristic red rash on the face so is often called "slapped cheek syndrome". How to potty train Bedwetting in young children Potty training problems Why play is important Play ideas and reading Keeping babies and toddlers active Helping your child's speech Teaching everyday essentials Difficult behaviour in children Temper tantrums Separation Petetite nudes. Find a sexual health service near youincluding GUM or sexual health clinics. Page last reviewed: 8 February Next review due: 8 February CMV cytomegalovirus is a Infection pregnancy virus that's part of the herpes group, which can also cause cold sores and chickenpox.
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide.
- Thanks to the surge in hormones that happens during pregnancy, moms-to-be are more susceptible to a host of vaginal infections.
- Catching infections while you are pregnant can be somewhat alarming as your baby can be exposed to risks and vulnerabilities.
- Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide.
- Some infections before and during pregnancy can hurt both you and your developing fetus.
- During pregnancy , some common infections like the common cold or a skin infection do not usually cause serious problems.
- Pregnancy is a normal and healthy state that many women aspire to at some point in their lives.
Infections that can affect the health of the pregnant woman, the pregnancy, and the baby after delivery include but are not limited to :. CDC provides additional information on infections during pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections STIs and pregnancy. What are some common signs of pregnancy? How do I know if I'm pregnant?
What is prenatal care and why is it important? What are some common complications of pregnancy? What is a high-risk pregnancy? What infections can affect pregnancy? What is a cesarean delivery? What should I know about postpartum depression?
Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. Infections that can affect the health of the pregnant woman, the pregnancy, and the baby after delivery include but are not limited to : Bacterial vaginosis pronounced vaj-in-NOH-sis is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age.
It increases the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections STIs and may play a role in preterm labor.
The condition results from a change in the balance of bacteria that normally live in the vagina. Having unprotected sex and douching can increase the risk of bacterial vaginosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC recommends that pregnant women get tested for bacterial vaginosis if they have symptoms and get treated if necessary.
The ointment can prevent blindness from exposure to chlamydia bacteria during delivery in case the pregnant woman had an undetected infection. Cytomegalovirus CMV pronounced sahy-toh-meg-uh-loh-VAHY-ruhs is a common virus present in many body fluids that can be spread through close personal contact, such as kissing or sharing eating utensils, as well as sexual contact. The virus usually does not cause health problems, but once it is in a person's body, it stays there for life and can reactivate at different times.
A pregnant woman may not even know she has the infection, and she may pass the virus on to her fetus, causing congenital CMV infection. Most infants with congenital CMV infection never show signs or have health problems. However, some infants have health problems such as hearing or vision loss, seizures, or intellectual disabilities that are apparent at birth or that develop later during infancy or childhood. Researchers are working on treatments for CMV and vaccines to try to prevent new infections during pregnancy and to reduce the risk of transmission to the infant.
Treatment with antiviral drugs may decrease the risk of health problems and hearing loss in some infected infants. The virus causes a common childhood disease that spreads easily from person to person. Children who get it usually have a fever and a red rash on their cheeks. Parvovirus B19 usually does not cause problems for pregnant women or the fetus, but in rare cases, the woman might have a miscarriage or the fetus could develop anemia.
There is no vaccine or treatment for fifth disease. You can reduce your chance of being infected with parvovirus B19 or infecting others by avoiding contact with people who have parvovirus B19 and by thoroughly and regularly washing your hands.
Sometimes health care providers recommend testing pregnant women to see if they are immune to the virus already. Untreated gonorrhea infection in pregnancy has been linked to miscarriage , preterm birth and low birth weight, premature rupture of the membranes surrounding the fetus in the uterus, and infection of the fluid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy.
Gonorrhea can also infect an infant during delivery as it passes through the birth canal. If untreated, infants can develop eye infections and blindness.
In most hospitals, infants' eyes are routinely treated with an antibiotic ointment shortly after birth to prevent eye problems from exposure to gonorrhea during delivery, in case the pregnant woman had an undetected infection. Treating gonorrhea as soon as it is detected in pregnant women reduces the risk of transmission. Group B streptococcus GBS can cause serious health problems in infants. But giving antibiotics during labor can prevent the spread of GBS, so it's important to get tested for the infection during pregnancy.
Learn more about GBS and pregnancy. Pregnant women who get infected with genital herpes late in pregnancy have a high risk of infecting their fetus. The risk of infection is particularly high during delivery. Infection with the herpes virus during pregnancy or at the time of delivery can lead to brain damage, blindness, and damage to other organs.
Rarely, herpes infection during pregnancy can lead to serious complications in the mother, including severe liver damage and possibly death.
If a pregnant woman has had genital herpes in the past, there are medications that she can take to reduce the chance that she will have an outbreak, which also reduces the risk to her fetus. If a woman has active herpes sores when she goes into labor, the infant can be delivered by cesarean section to reduce the chance that the infant will come in contact with the virus.
The likelihood of transmission depends on when during pregnancy the mother was infected. If the mother gets the infection later in her pregnancy, the risk that the virus will infect her fetus is quite high. If the infection occurs early in pregnancy, the risk of the virus infecting the fetus is much lower. In infants, HBV can be serious and can lead to chronic liver disease or liver cancer later in life.
In addition, infected newborns have a very high risk of becoming carriers of HBV and can spread the infection to others. In some cases, if a woman is exposed to HBV during pregnancy, she may be treated with a special antibody to reduce the likelihood that she will get the infection.
All healthy infants should be vaccinated against HBV to give them lifelong protection. Infants born to women with evidence of ongoing HBV infection HBV surface antigen positive should also receive hepatitis B hyperimmune globulin as soon as possible after birth. Infection during pregnancy can lead to pregnancy loss , stillbirth , preterm birth , or life-threatening infection of the newborn. Listeriosis is most often associated with eating soft cheeses and raw milk, but recent outbreaks have been associated with fresh and frozen produce.
Prevention recommendations include checking food labels to avoid eating unpasteurized cheese made from raw milk and other actions. Learn more about preventing listeria during pregnancy. Getting rubella sometimes called German measles during pregnancy can cause problems with the pregnancy as well as birth defects in the infant. Health care providers recommend that women get vaccinated against rubella before they get pregnant.
Learn more about rubella and pregnancy. Syphilis may pass from an infected mother to her fetus during pregnancy. The infection has been linked to preterm birth , stillbirth , and, in some cases, death shortly after birth.
Untreated infants who survive tend to develop problems in many organs, including the brain, eyes, ears, heart, skin, teeth, and bones. All pregnant women should be screened for syphilis during their first prenatal visit. Women considered to be high risk should be screened again in the third trimester. Cats get the parasite from eating small animals or birds. In humans, the disease is usually mild, but if the parasite passes from a pregnant woman to the developing fetus, it can cause intellectual disabilities , blindness, or other problems.
Women who are trying to become pregnant or are pregnant can take steps to prevent exposure to the parasite, such as having someone else clean or change the cat litter box and wearing rubber gloves to handle cat litter or while gardening. CDC offers more information about trichomoniasis. Zika is caused by a virus spread mainly by the bite of a certain type of mosquito, but it is also spread through sexual contact.
Although its symptoms are usually mild, Zika infection during pregnancy can cause pregnancy loss and other pregnancy complications, as well as birth defects and other problems for the infant.
Chlamydia trachomatis infection during pregnancy associated with preterm delivery: A population-based prospective cohort study. European Journal of Epidemiology , 26 6 , — Priorities for CMV vaccine development. Vaccine, 32 1 , 4— Genital Herpes.
HIV and pregnancy. Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy: Hepatitis B in Pregnancy.
The tricky part is differentiating between normal discharge and discharge that signals an actual infection. CMV is particularly dangerous to the baby if the pregnant mother has not had the infection before. If left untreated, BV symptoms will persist and the baby may be born early or have a low birthweight. Most of the time it causes no symptoms in pregnant women that is why a screening test is taken when a women reaches weeks of gestation in order to detect it. Tell your doctor if you experience flu-like symptoms after coming into contact with sheep. The doctor will check you for vaginal discharges, and is accordingly treated. Some infections that occur during pregnancy primarily pose a risk to the mother.
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Infections in pregnancy | Tommy’s
Infections are caused by either bacteria or viruses. Bacterial infections, such as whooping cough, are usually treated with antibiotics. Chickenpox is an infection that causes a rash and itchy spots. It is very infectious and you can catch it by being in the same room as someone who has it.
Chickenpox during pregnancy can cause complications. These can vary, depending on how many weeks pregnant you are. Most pregnant women who do get chickenpox recover, with no harmful effects on the baby. There is a small risk your baby could develop foetal varicella syndrome FVS. They can do a blood test to find out if you are immune. Cytomegalovirus CMV is a common virus that is usually harmless.
Sometimes it can cause problems in babies if you catch it during pregnancy. This is known as congenital CMV infection. Complications may include hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy. There is no treatment for CMV in pregnancy, but there are things you can do to prevent it. Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver.
You can catch the virus by having sex with an infected person without a condom or by direct contact with infected blood. If you have hepatitis B in pregnancy the infection could be past on to your baby. All pregnant women are offered a blood test for hepatitis B as part of their antenatal care. If you have the virus your baby should be given the hepatitis vaccine at birth and further doses until they are 1.
This is very effective in preventing babies developing long-term hepatitis B infection. There is a vaccine for pregnant women who may have a higher risk of getting hepatitis B. Talk to your GP, doctor or midwife if you have any concerns about hepatitis B. The hepatitis C virus infects the liver, which is transmitted by direct contact with infected blood. If you have the virus you may pass the infection to your baby.
Your baby can be tested for hepatitis C and if they are infected they will be referred for an assessment with a specialist. Talk to your GP, doctor or midwife if you are worried about hepatitis C. Listeriosis is a rare infection caused by bacteria called listeria. These include:. Listeriosis is usually caught from eating and drinking things that may contain listeria bacteria.
You may need a blood test to check for the infection. Rubella is a disease caused by a virus, which spreads in coughs and sneezes. Rubella can cause:. These risks only apply if you get rubella early in pregnancy before 16 weeks. There is no known risk to your baby after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Speak to your GP about getting checked. Women are advised not have the MMR vaccine during pregnancy because it uses the live version of the virus. This means there is a potential risk that the vaccine could infect the baby.
This advice is given as a precaution and there have been no reported cases of the vaccine affecting a baby. Contact your GP or midwife as soon as possible if you're pregnant and come into contact with anyone with rubella, or if you have any symptoms. Sexually transmitted infections STIs are passed from one person to another through sex or genital contact. They are sometimes known as sexually transmitted diseases STDs. If they are not treated, some STIs can:. So, many people who have an STI will not know they are infected and can pass it on to any sexual partners.
If you have a new partner, you have symptoms or you are worried about STIs it is important to get tested. All information given will be kept confidential, and the tests are only done with your permission.
The father should have a sexual health check-up too if you have concerns. Shingles is an infection caused by the chickenpox virus.
It can cause pain or tingling on the skin and a rash. This usually appears on the chest and tummy, but can also appear on the face, eyes and genitals.
You can only get shingles if you have already had chickenpox. After you recover from chickenpox, the virus stays in your body and can become active again later in the form of shingles.
You can't catch shingles from someone else. But you should contact your midwife or GP because you may need treatment. Slapped cheek syndrome is caused by a virus called parvovirus B Most pregnant women who get slapped cheek syndrome have healthy babies. But getting slapped cheek syndrome during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy can increase the risk.
This is a serious condition that can cause heart failure, anaemia and sometimes death. Slapped cheek syndrome during pregnancy has not been shown to cause birth defects or development problems later in childhood. You should do this whether you get a rash or not.
Your healthcare professional will do a blood test to check whether you have it. Toxoplasmosis is an infection that you can catch from the poo of infected cats, infected meat or contact with lambs or sheep. You can also catch it from soil that has had infected cat poo in it. If you get toxoplasmosis for the first time while you're pregnant, or a few weeks before you get pregnant, there is a small risk that infection could cause:. If you are infected in early pregnancy it is less likely to spread to your baby, but if it does it can cause more serious problems.
If you are infected later in pregnancy it is more likely to spread to your baby but any problems may be less severe. There are things you can do to prevent toxoplasmosis and treatment is available. Whooping cough is a serious infection that causes coughing and chocking, making it hard to breath.
Babies that are too young to be vaccinated are at risk of getting whooping cough and this can be very serious. Most will have to be hospitalised and some may die. The immunity you get from the vaccine passes through the placenta to your unborn baby.
This will protect them until they are vaccinated at 2 months old. Zika virus disease is mainly spread by mosquitoes.
It can also be transmitted through sex, although the risk is very low. The risk of getting Zika in the UK is extremely low. The Zika virus is usually a mild infection, but it can cause birth defects in unborn babies including:. See your GP, doctor or midwife if you are pregnant and have been in an area with a risk of Zika virus transmission. They can discuss the risks with you and organise some tests if needed.
Contact your GP or midwife straight away if you have any symptoms. The NHS are advising pregnant women to get their flu vaccination this winter. Our midwife Kate has put together a flu vaccine fact checker to bust some of the myths that put mums-to-be off getting the jab. Getting the whooping cough vaccination is safe and will protect your baby from infection in their first few weeks of life. You will be offered a whooping cough and flu vaccination during pregnancy to keep your baby safe during pregnancy and for a short while after they are born.
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