Bleach is a chemical compound derived from natural sources used to whiten fabrics. Bleach works by the process of oxidation, or the alteration of a compound by the introduction of oxygen molecules. A stain is essentially a chemical compound, and the addition of bleach breaks down the molecules into smaller elements so that it separates from the fabric. Detergent and the agitation of the washing machine speed up the cleaning process. The disinfecting properties of bleach work in the same manner—germs are broken down and rendered harmless by the introduction of oxygen.
The two types of household bleach are chlorine bleach and peroxide bleach. Household sodium hypochlorite bleach was introduced to Americans in and sold in steel containers, then in glass bottles. Generally speaking, ingestion of bleaches will cause damage to the esophagus and stomachpossibly leading to death. Grime, Keith and Allen Clauss. Personal protective equipment should always be used when using bleach. Your solution, How bleach is made it is not hazardous to do so is to simply not seal the gallon container lids tightly allowing the bleach to off-gas.
Texas teachers private equity carrer. How the popular household cleaning staple removes stains and more.
Even "scientific-grade", commercially produced disinfection solutions such as Virocidin-X usually have sodium hypochlorite as their sole active ingredient, though they also contain surfactants to prevent beading and fragrances to How bleach is made the bleach smell. Bleach is a chemical compound Growming greens diapers sodium hypochlorite, dissolved water. Send comment. Annales de chimie et de physique. Generally speaking, ingestion of bleaches will cause damage to the esophagus and stomachpossibly leading to death. In general, to counteract the action of bleachuse only cold water. Chlorine-based bleaches are found in many household "bleach" products, as well as in specialized products for hospitals, public health, water chlorinationand industrial processes. Sodium hypochlorite or sodium hypochlorite are the chemical compounds know as bleach. Color safe bleach is a chemical that uses hydrogen peroxide as the active ingredient to help remove stains rather than sodium hypochlorite or chlorine. In addition to chemicals, energy can disrupt How bleach is made bonds to bleach out color. Safety is a primary concern at manufacturing plants because of the presence of volatile chlorine gas. Inside the facility, chlorine vats are housed in an enclosed area called a car barn.
Household bleaches are a part of everyday life and are in nearly every American home, usually in more than one form.
- Bleach is a chemical compound derived from natural sources used to whiten fabrics.
- Bleach is a liquid chemically made to disinfect the bathroom, floor and other surfaces.
- There are several different types of bleach :.
- Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to clean, to lighten hair color and to remove stains.
Household bleaches are a part of everyday life and are in nearly every American home, usually in more than one form. There are two main classes of household bleach: chlorine bleaches and non-chlorine bleaches. All of these bleaches are in a class of chemicals known as oxidative agents, meaning that they cause a chemical reaction called oxidation when they come into contact with certain stains, certain germs or other organisms, and sometimes clothing dyes. Bleach is a very useful chemical both around the house and for large-scale use.
You can use bleach to remove stains on clothing or to whiten your laundry. It's used to disinfect surfaces, too, especially in the kitchen and bathroom. You may have tried bleach to remove mold and mildew. Hospital personnel use bleach as a disinfectant, hotels use bleach to clean and disinfect bed linens and surfaces, and restaurants disinfect food preparation surfaces with chlorine bleach.
People use chlorine in swimming pools to keep the water clean and raise the pH, and in much smaller concentrations to help keep municipal water supplies free of harmful organisms. Companies sometimes add chlorine bleach to industrial wastewater to reduce odor, and chlorine is used by the glass, chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, agriculture, paint and paper industries [source: Lenntech ].
With its many uses, bleach its a very familiar product to most people. While the word "bleach" entered the English language around the year , bleach containing sodium hypochlorite was first manufactured in the U. Before that, chemicals such as borax, ammonia and lye were the most common bleaches in the U.
Clorox Chemical, later called the Clorox Company, first gave samples of bleach to consumers for household use in [source: American Chemistry Council ].
Since chlorine bleach was faster and more effective than the bleaches people had been using, it quickly became the most popular household bleach. Today, when we say "bleach," we usually mean chlorine bleach. So what exactly is chlorine bleach, and how does it work? How green are green household cleaners?
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That is why bleach should be stored away from any acid. International Dental Journal. Extended exposure often leads to massive discoloration usually reducing the colors to white and typically very faded blue. Ilbert; P. Oregon Pearson v.
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Chemistry is the Science Behind Sustainability — the products, technologies and innovations enabled by the chemical industry are essential to a sustainable future. ACC is investing in research to improve understanding of how chemicals impact health and the environment. The much-anticipated jobs report suggests that the U. A blog of the American Chemistry Council: driving innovation, creating jobs, and enhancing safety. Chemically speaking, chlorine bleach is a water solution of sodium hypochlorite.
Common household laundry bleach, used to whiten and disinfect laundry, is typically either 5. As a surface disinfectant, chlorine bleach is approved by the U. Environmental Protection Agency and the U. Department of Agriculture for use in safe food production. It is also used to help prevent the spread of infections in homes, hospitals, nursing homes, schools and day care facilities. A: Chlorine bleach is made by mixing chlorine and caustic soda sodium hydroxide , in a kind of reversal of the chlor-alkali process.
Learn more A: A chlorine bleach solution can be used as a handy, inexpensive household disinfectant. It can be applied in the kitchen to food preparation surfaces, like countertops and cutting boards, to destroy foodborne germs like e. Bathroom surfaces may be sanitized using chlorine bleach, as can hard surfaces in the sick room.
During flu season, disinfecting commonly touched surfaces , such as door knobs and dials, with chlorine bleach solution can help prevent the spread of the flu virus among family members. To use chlorine bleach for general surface disinfection, first wash the surface with hot, soapy water to clean. Thoroughly rinse off soap. Disinfect by applying a fresh mixture of 1 tablespoon of household bleach in one gallon of cool water.
Allow to air dry. Always read and follow instructions on the labels of bleach containers and other household cleaners. Click here for more tips help ensure that you are handling and using your chlorinated household products safely. A: Regular, unscented household bleach can be used to disinfect water. The procedure to be followed is usually written on the label.
If not, find the percentage of available chlorine on the label and use the information in the following tabulation and mixing directions from U.
EPA as a guide. Since flood water may contain bacteria that can cause serious illnesses, it is vital to clean and disinfect your home and personal belongings that may have been contaminated. To ensure that your home and personal belongings are as clean and safe as possible, please follow these simple, but important, cleaning tips:. Don't forget about clothing.
You can also remove mildew and germs from clothing by washing them with chlorine bleach. A: Handled properly, consumers can safely use bleach without significant environmental effects. As it reacts with germs and stains, between 95 and 98 percent of it chlorine bleach breaks down and turns back into salt water.
View our resource center to find press releases, testimonies, infographics and more. The business of chemistry provides , skilled, good-paying American jobs. Chlorine Chemistry. Chlorine Bleach. Chlorine Overview What is Chlorine? Q: What is chlorine bleach? Q: How is chlorine bleach made? Q: How can I use chlorine bleach to disinfect surfaces in my home? Q: How can I use chlorine bleach to prepare emergency drinking water supplies? Q: How can I use chlorine bleach to clean up after flooding?
To ensure that your home and personal belongings are as clean and safe as possible, please follow these simple, but important, cleaning tips: Act quickly to avoid mildew and odor. Remove all loose dirt and debris.
Keep area wet for 2 minutes 2 to 10 minutes for exterior areas , then rinse thoroughly and dry. Be sure to clean and disinfect all contaminated surfaces, both interior and exterior. Interior : walls, counters and floors. Exterior : outdoor furniture, patios, decks and playground equipment.
Kitchen Items : dishes, glassware and utensils. Check clothing labels to make sure they are machine washable and colorfast. For a standard-size washing machine, use one cup chlorine bleach per load to disinfect clothing and remove odors. Do not touch your face or eyes.
Change the disinfecting solution often and whenever it is cloudy. Be thorough. Wash and dry everything well. Q: How can I use chlorine bleach to disinfect a private drinking water well? Q: Is using bleach or other chlorine disinfectants bad for the environment? News View our resource center to find press releases, testimonies, infographics and more.
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